Coffee From Around The World

1. Brazil

In 1727, Francisco de Mello Palheta, a Brazilian captain, had been sent to French Guinea to obtain coffee seeds. But the Arabians, the Dutch and the French, who were the only groups to have coffee seeds that time, didn’t want other countries cultivating their valuable plants. So de Mello decided to charm the French governor’s wife and she buried some seeds in a bouquet of flowers for him. After having brought the seeds back and introduced them to fellow Brazilians, coffee plants rapidly spread throughout the country. In Brazil, most coffee plants are located in the states of Paraná, Espirito Santos, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Bahia where climate and soil are perfectly suited for coffee growing.

Today, Brazil is the world’s largest coffee producer and is becoming a significant player in the coffee industry. According to UN Food & Agriculture Organization’s statistics, Brazil produces around 2.59 million tons of green coffee every year. Therefore, coffee is now considered the major product which generates wealth and stimulates the growth of all agricultural and industrial sectors of the nation. For domestic consumption, coffee stands among the most favorite drinks for Brazilians, and each year, a million tons of coffee is produced to meet domestic demand.

2. Kenya

Kenya is another country where coffee plants can be commonly found throughout the country. Renowned for its cooperative system of milling, marketing, and auctioning coffee, Kenya is also well known for its high percentage of coffee production from small farms which make the country the 17th largest coffee producer in the world. Despite its proximity to Ethiopia, believed to be the original place of coffee, Kenya’s first coffee plant was only introduced in 1893 when French Holy Ghost Fathers introduced coffee trees from Reunion Island.

The coffee-producing industry has played an important role in the Kenyan economy and some source claims that that six-million Kenyans are employed directly or indirectly in the coffee industry. In Kenya, climate and soil are ideal for the coffee tree’s growing requirements, and the major coffee growing area are the high plateaus around Mt. Kenya, the Aberdare Range, Kisii, Nyanza, Bungoma, Nakuru and Kericho.

3. Indonesia

Ranked the fourth largest producer of coffee in the world, Indonesian coffee has played an important part in shaping the country’s history. The history of coffee in Indonesia commenced in the 17th century, when the Dutch colonial government initially planted coffee trees around Jakarta, the nation’s capital, and as far south as Sukabumi and Bogor. Later many coffee plants were also established in East Java, Central Java, West Java and in parts of Sumatra and Sulawesi, and this expansion considerably increased the size of the Indonesian coffee-producing industry.

In early days, the coffee industry in Indonesia was controlled by Dutch plantation owners and the colonial government. But after declaring independence in August 17, 1945, the operation of coffee plants throughout Indonesia was transferred to the control of the new government, and this marked the beginning of the Indonesian coffee industry which has thrived to stand as one of the biggest coffee producers of the world.

4. India

According to an Indian legend, coffee was first introduced in India during the 16th century through the Chikkamagaluru district, a town located in the Indian state of Karnataka. The first Indian coffee crop was grown in the Baba Budan Giri range of the Western Ghats of India. It is believed that Saint Baba Budan had discovered coffee seeds while he was on his pilgrimage to Mecca and Yemen. He decided to bring them back to India by wrapping seven coffee beans around his belly. On his return home, he planted those beans in the hills of Chikkamagaluru, which are now called Baba Budan Hills in his honor.

In India, coffee is considered more than just a drink which people prefer to drink every day, but an important part of Indian culture. For Indian people, it is customary to offer a cup of coffee to any visitor in order to show respect and fellowship. Additionally, when the British had ruled India in the middle of the 19th century, coffee was becoming one of the most popular drinks which both Indians and British people strongly took a liking to.

5. Vietnam

According to UN Food & Agriculture Organization’s statistics, Vietnam is currently ranked as the second largest coffee producer of the world, with 0.85 million tons of coffee is produced each year. Coffee was first introduced in Vietnam by French missionaries in the middle of 19th century and this tropical plant started to spread rapidly throughout the country since then. Surprisingly, in just 150 years, Vietnam would become the second largest exporter of coffee in the world after Brazil. Its overall coffee production has increased from 5,000 tons from twenty years ago, to over 600,000 tones in 2001. This industry has significantly generated wealth and stimulated agricultural investments in


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